On Saturday, April 10, 2021, joggers run along the Bund opposite the Lujiazui Financial District in Shanghai, China.
Qilai Shen | Bloomberg | Getty images
BEIJING – China’s once every decade census showed that the mainland’s national population was 1.41 billion people on November 1, 2020.
The average annual growth rate was 0.53% over the past 10 years, according to the results of the seventh national census, released Tuesday.
That is lower than an average annual growth rate of 0.57% between 2000 and 2010.
The population survey, held at the end of last year, was originally scheduled to be released in April.
According to official figures from the National Bureau of Statistics, the population of mainland China increased by 4.67 million in 2019 to just over 1.4 billion people.
Several years ago, the Chinese authorities began to reverse a decades-old “one-child policy” and allow people to have two children. But births continued to decline, dropping 15% in 2020 in a fourth straight year of decline.
Earlier this year, researchers from the People’s Bank of China published a paper calling for full lifting of restrictions on childbirth. The document also made other suggestions for encouraging more births, while describing how China’s aging population puts the country at an economic disadvantage compared to the US and India.